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Archive for March, 2011

1)    A. Title of Entry: “Constitutional Provisions”.

B. Summary: This website was composed by the State of Colorado and was copyrighted in 2010 and it outlines Amendment 23 of 2000, the Gallagher       Amendment of 1982, and the TABOR Amendment of 1992 and tells what each of these does and what it affects in very simple language. Amendment 23 states that funding should increase 1% each year or follow the inflation rate, the TABOR Amendment states that the government cannot raise taxes unless voters vote upon it and restricts revenue for all levels of government. And the Gallagher Amendment “impacts how much homeowners pay in property taxes”.

C. Rhetorical Context: The source of this information comes from the State of Colorado from colorado.gov which is the official website of the Colorado state   government which has links to government, business, education, employment, tourism, etc. The target audience of this website is to inform Colorado residents so that they know what is in their state constitution and what amendments have been added to it. The composer of this webpage is the state of Colorado itself with employee’s of the state for the website does not have a specific author or composer.

D. Evaluation: I found this webpage to be very helpful because it helped me to understand exactly the amendments that are directly affecting higher education in Colorado, but the dates of the amendments also helps me because they seem to have been passed in times of economic prosperity or ease if you will. It will help me in my paper to give my audience decent background information about these amendments and the governments stance.

 

2)    A. Title of Entry: “Cuts Stymie Higher Ed”

B. Summary: Jason Kosena wrote “Cuts Stymie Higher Ed” for the Volume 112 Number 12 2011 issue of the The Colorado Statesman. This article talks about the very recent budget cuts that Colorado higher education is facing this month, but it also talks about what the various presidents of the Universities in Colorado are trying to do or believe should be done to solve this budget crisis. Some state that privatizing the Universities (CU, CSU, UNC) will help to pay for expenses and others say that this will further push out middle class families who are barely able to pay for education as it is. This article has direct quotes from the presidents and what they think should be done and the worries that they feel towards various solutions to the problem at hand (such as possibly working with business leaders and legislators to fund education or pass referendums or amendments).

C. Rhetorical Context: The source of this article is the online website for The Colorado Statesman, which is a non-partisan newspaper but seems to have more Republican articles (as of this issue). I believe the audience of this piece is those who are concerned with the problems with funding that higher education institutions are facing such as parents with children attending or about to attend these schools and employees of higher education institutions. People who read this newspaper are interested in the politics of the state of Colorado and the issues facing the state in these troubling times, candidates and the like so I believe that those who are interested in the impact of the economic downturn will be the target audience of this piece. The composer of this article is Jason Kosena who has worked as a journalist for the Fort Collins Coloradoan and is an editor and reporter for The Colorado Statesman. His work has also been featured in the Denver Post and the Washington Independent (information courtesy of JasonKosena.com).

D. Evaluation: I found this a pretty good article, I liked how it showed what the different Presidents of the Universities were thinking of doing to help out with funding, but also what they disagreed with (like some disagreed with privatizing and that is all we have been hearing about from word of mouth). It also was helpful to know what the recent budget cuts were put into place and a little bit of what Hickenlooper is doing with this issue. I think I will use this article extensively throughout my paper to show the different possibilities for solutions to this huge problem.

 

3)    A. Title of Entry: “Supporting Excellence: The Funding Challenge for Higher Education”

B. Summary: This PDF file is a summary of information gathered by the University of Colorado and Colorado State University and was given out to the       public on February 9th 2004. This file summarizes the funding problems that Colorado higher education institutions face, for example the fact that Colorado has experienced an increase in personal income over the years and yet funding for higher education institutions has decreased dramatically over the years. It also states that the two major problems that higher education faces is that the state government views removing funding a balancer for the budget and Amendment 23 and Gallagher Mandating make it extremely hard for the revenue coming in (taxes) to be increased and to go to higher and just plain education systems. This file is a call to knowledge and arms; it wants people to know what these Universities are facing and the issues that will come upon them down the line.

C. Rhetorical Context: The source of this PDF file is the President of Colorado State University, which can be found at www.president.colostate.edu/pdf/funding.pdf that also contains information on the president of Colorado State and some of the information he has published for viewers. I believe that the target audience of this PDF is students who attend  Colorado State University, parents of students who attend the University, but also the audience includes educators and employees of Colorado State University who are being affected by these budget cuts. The composer of this PDF I believe is the Universities themselves, for I can’t find an author, but it does state that the information presented was compiled by both University of Colorado and Colorado State University.

D. Evaluation: This source was extremely useful. It directly correlates to the problems that the University is specifically facing and the problems that are       affecting this issue in the opinion of the University. I will use this source greatly throughout my paper because it has many graphs, charts, quotes, and other such beneficial statistics that will help me to prove what is causing Colorado to be the one of the lowest funded states in the United States.

 

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Artifact annotations

a) Grapevine Fiscal year 11 higher education spending across all 50 states.

b) Provides the spending of all 50 states dating back several years. Also lists where the money is coming from, be it from the state itself or the Fed Government.

c) Found on a website; target audience is most likely those interested in government and spending, as it is very detailed in the breakdown of spending. Produced by the Illinois State University’s Center for the Study of Education Policy. Produced every year since 1960. No information, other than author contact information, is given.

d) This artifact will be used to show that Colorado spends far less than other states, yet achieves the same, or in some cases lower, in-state tuition rates for undergraduate students.

 

a) College rankings by US News.

b) Ranks all colleges in the U.S. both in general as well as in specific categories. Breaks down how a school achieves it ranking, providing data on several important areas in the process.

c) Found on a website. Target audience is prospective parents and teens, and those looking to coming to the U.S. to study. Particularly appeals to parents, as the breakdown is very useful in determining which colleges to apply to. Produced by a subset of U.S. News, a very common magazine.

d) This will be used to show that while some schools have lower tuition rates than CSU, the quality is far inferior to what can be received at CSU.

 

a) This is not one specific site, rather it is a collection of college tuition sites, detailing the average undergraduate in resident tuition cost. (UW, WSU, CSU)

b) Details the average per year cost of an undergraduate in resident student, including room and board, books and food costs.

c) Found on the schools respective website. Target audience is prospective parents and those looking to transfer, as cost is a very important factor in determining where a student goes to school .

d) This will be used to show that CSU has the same or lower tuition rates when compared to other schools, despite being superior as well as recieveing less in terms of higher education funding.

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1) A. Title of Entry:  “Paying for College: Is the Price of a College Education too High?”

B. Summary: This article written by Mary H. Cooper on November 20, 1992 in Volume 2 Issue 23 of CQ Researcher begins addressing the issue by first using a case study about a boy who wants to go to college but is unable to find financial aid because according to the Government his family makes to much money. This is the main point of the article: that college is becoming something that is unattainable financially for the middle class and this leads to the question “Is education to costly?” The article then goes on to give an overview of the issue as a whole throughout the U.S.A, then it states the background of the issue and what could have caused this problem and high tuition costs. The final things it addresses is the current situation, the outlook for future students, and then it gives some statistics about the rising cost of tuition.

C. Rhetorical Context: The source of the article is an online Journal, which comes from CQ Press, which is an independent publisher that has topics pertaining the major issues of today. I believe that the target audience of this piece is probably people who are researching the trends of college tuition, probably educators who work in a college setting who’s jobs are directly correlated to this issue. The composer of the artifact is Mary H. Cooper who writes frequently through CQ on governmental issues such as oil.

D. Evaluation:  This is a fairly good source although it is extremely dense. I feel that it is fairly credible, but it definitely will not be my main source simply because it is under an independent publisher (I haven’t looked into CQ enough but I feel it is a pretty good place for information). I will probably use this article as an opener for my argument showing that the entire US is affected by this issue but the degree to which Colorado schools are being affected will then follow after with much more detail.

2) A. Title of Entry:  “Statistics” and “Education Week’s Annual Quality Counts Data”

B. Summary: These two articles “Statistics” and “Education Week’s Annual Quality Counts Data” were written/added by Eric mills one in 2009 and the other 2011 talk about the trouble that Colorado has gotten itself in regarding higher education funding. The “Statistics” has some statistics showing where Colorado rates throughout the country in certain areas, but also what the outlook looks like regarding tuition. The second page has some graphs about Colorado’s higher education funding compared to other states.

C. Rhetorical Context: The website I found the information at is www.greatereducation.org and it seems to be compiled by the state of Colorado with possibly other states as well. I believe the target audience of this website is the people who are worried about the state of higher education funding so probably college educators and parents who are looking at putting their kids through college in these troubling times. Eric Mills is a Colorado English teacher who works in collaboration with Colorado non-profits and also is a specialist in the “intersection of Education, New Media, Social Websites and Internet Strategy/Research” (http://www.eamills.com/). He often works in collaboration with Greater Education Colorado.

D. Evaluation:  This site is awesome. It is short sweet and to the point, giving the details that I needed to make a case that Colorado is horrible in its higher education funding. It gives statistics and graphs and charts showing where Colorado stands as a whole. I will probably use this as one of my main sources to show readers that Colorado is in a dire situation.

3) A. Title of Entry:  “Thu, Mar 3, 2011” The Daily Show with Jon Stewart

B. Summary: The title of the source is “Thu, Mar 3, 2011” which comes from the Daily Show with Jon Stewart which airs on Comedy Central. This sources relevance comes in the first section of the episode in which Stewart with his usual satire shows the hypocrisy in this country towards paying teachers and paying for education in general. He compares the simple demands of teachers to the demands and pay offs afforded to big Wall Street Bankers. He truly exposes how our country treats education.

C. Rhetorical Context: The source is a television show that airs Monday thru Thursday on late night television on Comedy Central. The target audience of this piece is fans of Jon Stewart and those who love satire when it comes to our news and Government, and honestly people who are looking for criticism of the people who hold themselves in such high esteem and a news source that just makes sense with little of the airs of actual news shows. The composer of this piece is Jon Stewart, Lix Winstead, and Madeleine Smithberg with Comedy Central.

D. Evaluation:  I believe this is a fairly credible source because to be totally honest this is the only place that I get my news other than youtube.com. But I feel this is fairly credible because in my opinion when you can mock news casters and correspondents and the comments of politicians you see the truth in the situation instead of just seeing the jargon that is placed in front of you. I will probably use this source to show the broader sweep of the situation, it will be to show how our Government needs to take more education more seriously as does our country and how this hypocrisy is what has caused this problem in the first place.

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Artifact 1
A. Title of Entry:

Colo. Governor Proposes Education Cuts

B. Summary:
Governor Bill Ritter proposes fixing budget issues by using education funding. $262 million budget shortfall to be fixed by using $156 from education funding.

C. Rhetorical Context:
This article discusses the current budget deficits of Colorado and the possible reallocation of resources in order to fix them. The target audience is readers of education week, specifically Colorado teachers.

D. Evaluation:
Found on EbscoHost, It is a very short article from Education Week. It simply puts down a statement by the Governor as to what he wishes to do in order to fix budget shortfalls.

Artifact 2
A. Title of Entry:
Is Colorado’s Voucher System Worth Vouching For?

B. Summary:
This article discusses the Colorado Opportunity Fund and its financing of Colorado’s universities. It was written by Brian Prescott for Change Magazine. The article discusses how the COF uses a new voucher system.

C. Rhetorical Context:
Change Magazine is directed towards officials of higher education including university staff. Brian T. Prescott is director of policy research at the Western Interstate Commission for Higher Education.

D. Evaluation:
This article could be useful in discussing current practices for students to pay for college. This article looks very credible.

Artifact 3
A. Title of Entry:
Colo. Lawmakers Backing Away from Indian Treaty on Education

B. Summary: Colorado is planning on breaking a treaty to allow Indian students free college education. This would affect Native American students enrolled at Fort Lewis College in Durango. Written by Steven Paulson for Community College Week.

C. Rhetorical Context: Community College Week is a biweekly magazine for 2-year college professors, students, and staff.

D. Evaluation: Discuss additional ways funding for students is being cut, specially for students of lower socioeconomic status. Should be useful for supporting data.

Artifact 4
A. Title of Entry: Trends in College Pricing 2010

B. Summary: This article discusses the current trends in college pricing.  This article shows that the prices are going up.  Authors Sandy Baum and Jennifer Ma do a great job showing how they came to all of their conclusions and results.

C. Rhetorical Context: The College Board is a membership association serving 5,700 of schools and colleges nationwide. The target audience is members of the College board, as an informational piece on college prices. The authors work for the College Board. The authors worked in association with a great deal of other authors and staff members at thousands of campuses in order to find the most accurate information possible.

D. Evaluation: This is written by the College Board. Since they are widely considered credible; the information can be taken as reliable. It gives a great deal of information about the subject of rising college prices. It doesn’t put in any information about if this should or should not be allowed though. It just states facts. I will use this in my public argument to show that I have a great deal of knowledge of the subject. Immediately shows that CSU out of state pricing is far higher than I first thought.

Artifact 5

A. Title of Entry: A Vision of Students Today

B. Summary: The main point is that students aren’t learning information that is relevant to them.  It says part of the problem that students are given too much to do that is irrelevant. This video was made by Dr Michael Wesch and was found on his website. The video was created in 2007 for his Cultural Anthropology course but still hold relevance now.

C. Rhetorical Context: The website was created by Dr. Wesch at Kansas State University. Dr. Wesch created this video while teaching his Cultural Anthropology class in 2007. The target audience of this artifact is college level students today. Dr. Wesch is a Cultural Anthropologist who studies the impact of new media on society and culture.

D. Evaluation: The video is a compilation of survey information. Because it is survey information created by students; it may or may not be particularly reliable. It is however a good example of how students are learning new things in school. These new things may require more money to fund than the old do.

Artifact 6
A. Title of Entry: The Universal Declaration of Human Rights

B. Summary: “. . .higher education shall be equally accessible to all on the basis of merit.” The article was written by the General Assembly of the United Nations on December 10, 1948. It is important because it says that this is an unalienable human right.

C. Rhetorical Context: The United Nations is a conglomerate of all major world powers and many smaller nations that have come together in order to form a more perfect world. The target audience is nations within the United Nations already. They are targeting them because while all the things in this document seem like they don’t need to be specifically written, many of them are not guaranteed even in the more affluent countries. The composers would be the major world powers. The lesser nations would have been allowed little to no input into the document.

D. Evaluation: This document states that “all Member countries to publicize the text of the Declaration.” The target audience is the leaders of the nations within the United Nations. Their delegates agreed upon this but clearly the nations themselves did not. Many of the things within the document aren’t covered even here in the United States.

A. Title of Entry: Trends in College Pricing 2010B. Summary: This article discusses the current trends in college pricing.  This article shows that the prices are going up.  Authors Sandy Baum and Jennifer Ma do a great job showing how they came to all of their conclusions and results.

C. Rhetorical Context: The College Board is a membership association serving 5,700 of schools and colleges nationwide. The target audience is members of the College board, as an informational piece on college prices. The authors work for the College Board. The authors worked in association with a great deal of other authors and staff members at thousands of campuses in order to find the most accurate information possible.

D. Evaluation: This is written by the College Board. Since they are widely considered credible; the information can be taken as reliable. It gives a great deal of information about the subject of rising college prices. It doesn’t put in any information about if this should or should not be allowed though. It just states facts. I will use this in my public argument to show that I have a great deal of knowledge of the subject. Immediately shows that CSU out of state pricing is far higher than I first thought.

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To begin my research I use EBSCO host to look for articles pertaining to Colorado and Education. I had a great deal of problems when I tried looking here and elsewhere for articles. Not much of what I could find was peer reviewed. I found good information on Colorado.gov but didn’t have time to cite it. I plan on going back and checking for information there.

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I did a search in Google using the key word “Higher Education Funding.” Then I went into some of the links for blogs. From there I used links to articles the cited to find legitimate sources. I used a periodical article from Bloomberg that was reporting on federal spending cuts to higher education because it is a fairly new development in the topic that will likely have reaching effects.

My new research strategy is is to search for more academic types of essays as well as spending reports on higher education at the state level. I will use an academic search engine like EBSCO, academic search premier, CQ, or others to look for essays this time.

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My research strategy was first I went onto CQ researcher and then I typed in “Higher Education/Tuition Increase in Colorado”, then I clicked on the one that seemed to have the most relevance to what I was looking for. I believe that I clicked on the first one, but the information was very helpful.

Then I went to Google and typed in “Higeher Education in Colorado”, then I saw on the third or second one down that it had some statistics so I choose that one.

The third source I actually stumbled upon while I was eating lunch. I went onto Hulu and started watching Jon Stewart and he was talking about teachers and their funding in the educational system.

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